Hunger in America: An In-Depth Look
Despite America’s great wealth, there are still millions of Americans who are classified by government statistics as "food insecure." Nearly six million people use emergency food assistance every week. This paradox of hunger amid plenty is a threat to our nation’s prosperity and our collective well-being.
Hunger in America 2010 is the third in a series of studies that Mathematica has conducted for Feeding America, formerly known as America’s Second Harvest—the Nation’s Food Bank Network. With data collected in 2009 during the height of the economic downturn, it is the most comprehensive study to date that captures the significant connection between a weak economy and increased needs for emergency food assistance. This study provides important information on both the local and national levels about the demographics, household makeup, and economic status of individuals and households receiving food assistance.
Interviews were conducted with approximately 61,000 individuals receiving food assistance. In order to assess the capacity of the charitable food distribution system to meet the needs of these individuals, the study included a census of agencies providing emergency food (pantries, kitchens, and shelters) affiliated with 185 food banks. Almost 74 percent of eligible agencies—totalling more than 37,000—completed a questionnaire. Findings were presented in a national report, local reports for participating food banks, and state reports.
Findings from the 2009 survey include:
- More than 37 million low-income people received emergency food assistance through Feeding America’s network in 2009, an increase of 46 percent since 2005.
- Recipients represented a broad cross-section of America, including 14 million children and 3 million elderly. Approximately 40 percent were white, 34 percent were African American, and 20 percent were Hispanic.
- Thirty-six percent of recipient households had at least one adult who was working.
- Ten percent of all recipients were homeless.
- Seventy-five percent of Feeding America's clients were food insecure.
- Most recipients made difficult choices between food and other necessities, such as housing or medical care.
- Only 66 percent of people eligible to participate in government support or food assistance programs are currently doing so. More than 40 percent of those deemed food insecure are not eligible for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.
- Private charities were providing high-quality services to emergency food recipients.
- Most of the organizations providing assistance in the network were faith-based.
- Volunteers were crucial to food pantry and kitchen activities.
"Hunger in America 2010" (January 2010)
"Hunger in America 2006" (January 2006)
"Hunger in America 2001: National Report Prepared for America's Second Harvest. Revised Final Report" (October 2002)