Learning from the Past and Shaping the Future: How School Nutrition Dietary Assessment Studies Helped Change School Meals

Issue Brief
Publisher: Princeton, NJ: Mathematica Policy Research
Aug 23, 2016
Authors
Anne Gordon, Katherine Niland, and Mary Kay Fox
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) administers two school meal programs—the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and the School Breakfast Program—which provided 31 million school lunches and 14 million breakfasts, respectively, on an average school day in fiscal year 2015 (USDA 2016). Nearly three-fourths (73 percent)of the lunches and 85 percent of the breakfasts were provided free or at a reduced price, and the total federal costs of the lunches and breakfasts were $11.7 billion and $3.8billion, respectively (USDA 2016).