Implementation and Impacts of Pay-for-Performance: The 2010 Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF) Grantees After Three Years (Study Snapshot)
- In 10 evaluation districts that had implemented Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF) programs for three years, pay-for-performance had small, positive impacts on students’ math and reading achievement.
- Few districts structured pay-for-performance bonuses to align well with TIF grant guidance.
- Many teachers misunderstood whether they were eligible for performance bonuses or the amount they could earn.
Pay-for-Performance: Evaluating the Teacher Incentive Fund
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Evaluation